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COP19—Warsaw Local weather Convention — International Points


Creator and Web page info

  • by Anup Shah
  • This web page Created

On this web page:

  1. Introduction
  2. Assembly consequence
  3. In context: frequent however differentiated duties
  4. In context: Hurricane Haiyan
  5. Lack of urgency
  6. Extra info
  7. Information tales from IPS

Introduction

November 11 – 23, 2013, Warsaw, Poland was the venue for the nineteenth annual United Nations Local weather Change Convention, also called the nineteenth Convention of the Events — or COP 19.

The aim of this convention was to create a loss and injury pillar of a brand new local weather treaty to be finalized in 2015. The opposite two pillars mentioned in earlier conferences are mitigation (emission reductions) and adaptation pillars.

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Assembly consequence

The principle consequence of the assembly was the institution of a world mechanism for a loss and injury related to local weather change impacts .

Predictably, the loss and injury side of local weather negotiations introduced out the worst in some nations. Some growing nations had been going to withstand the concept of financing adaptation to local weather change, whereas others appeared to hate the concept of local weather reparations for poor nations. A couple of years earlier, industrialized nations had made a authorized dedication to a world local weather fund. Unsurprisingly, not a lot got here of it, as Inter Press Service summarized,

In 2009 on the semi-infamous Copenhagen talks, the wealthy nations made a cope with growing nations, saying in impact: We’ll offer you billions of {dollars} for adaptation, ramping as much as 100 billion {dollars} a 12 months by 2020, in change for our mitigation amounting to small CO2 cuts as an alternative of creating the large cuts that we must always do.

The cash to assist poor nations adapt flowed for the primary three years however has largely dried up. Warsaw was presupposed to be the Finance COP to carry the promised cash. That did not occur.

Nations like Germany, Switzerland and others in Europe solely managed to scrape collectively guarantees of 110 million {dollars} into the Inexperienced Local weather Fund. Growing nations needed a assure of 70 billion a 12 months by 2016 however had been blocked by the U.S., Canada, Australia, Japan and others.

Stephen Lehey, South Scores Eleventh-Hour Win on Local weather Loss and Injury, Inter Press Service, November 24, 2013

It bought to the purpose that tons of of representatives from varied NGOs walked out of the negotiating rooms to protest towards developed nations’ reluctance to decide to a loss and injury mechanism. And this was a day after the G77+China group of 133 growing nations walked out of negotiations over the identical factor.

Trying via the briefing reviews from the revered NGO, the Third World Community, Evidently on the floor, whereas an consequence was finally thrashed out, there are a lot of areas of weak point of enough vagueness to fulfill everybody that contentious points which are seemingly resolved can nonetheless be challenged and adjusted sooner or later.

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In context: frequent however differentiated duties

A few years in the past all nations agreed that local weather change was largely the results of actions from at present’s industrialized nations, as carbon dioxide — the primary greenhouse fuel — stays within the ambiance for many years. But, the poorest would find yourself struggling essentially the most for an issue they largely didn’t trigger. The approaches to mitigation (emissions discount) would due to this fact be totally different for these teams of nations — the frequent however differentiated duties precept.

It’s on this context that the dialogue for loss and injury has come about. And it’s one thing that wealthy nations are eager to eliminate .

The years of resistance on this difficulty (and plenty of others) means every time it’s mentioned once more the reactions appear to get much more hostile. Mixed with the shortage of detailed context within the mainstream media protection of this side, it then turns into simpler every time to see culprits as China and India given their huge greenhouse emissions lately, in comparison with the far better quantity by the industrialized nations over the longer interval. See this website’s part on local weather justice for extra detailed background.

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In context: Hurricane Haiyan

Hurricane Haiyan was the biggest cyclone on file to hit land

The assembly got here on the time when the devastating Hurricane Haiyan had simply killed 1000’s within the Philippines and affected hundreds of thousands extra. It was an ominous warning of what might be extra frequent as local weather change continues to take maintain.

It was additionally an instance of how poorer nations might be affected by an issue they’ve largely not been liable for and that whereas all of the worldwide outpouring of support and help was extremely welcome, that assist for stopping and adapting to such occasions is paramount and efforts are urgently wanted to curb emission will increase.

In an emotional speech the Philippines lead negotiator for the convention, Naderev Saño, acquired a standing ovation for asserting that he’ll go on a starvation strike till a significant consequence is in sight.

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Lack of urgency

Inter Press Service (IPS) famous the seeming lack of urgency given the years and years of delay and watering down of significant motion:

To have a superb probability at staying underneath two levels C, industrialised nations must crash their CO2 emissions 10 % per 12 months beginning in 2014, stated Kevin Anderson of the Tyndall Centre for Local weather Change Analysis on the College of Manchester.

We will nonetheless do two C however not the best way we’re going, Anderson stated on the sidelines of COP 19 in Warsaw. He questioned why negotiators on the within aren’t reacting to the fact that it’s too late for incremental modifications.

I’m actually shocked there isn’t any sense of urgency right here, he instructed IPS.

Stephen Lehey, South Scores Eleventh-Hour Win on Local weather Loss and Injury, Inter Press Service, November 24, 2013

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Extra info

Because the convention continues to be underway as this web page is written, extra info will probably be added right here after the occasion is over.

For extra concerning the points from different organizations, listed below are some beginning factors:

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Information tales from IPS

Beneath is a listing of tales from Inter Press Service associated to the Warsaw local weather convention and its aftermath.

  1. Kenya’s Money-Strapped, Formidable Local weather Change Targets